PROJECT PN-II-ID-PCE-2011-3-0881

Geoscientific view of ceramic technology: evolution from Neolithic to Byzantine times within Romanian territory” (O perspectiva geostiintifica asupra tehnologiei ceramicii: evolutia din Neolitic pana in timpurile Bizantine pe teritoriul Romaniei)

http://ceram.granturi.ubbcluj.ro/




Abstract: Ceramic remnants at archaeological sites are most important for reconstruction the technological levels of ancient societies. Based on the study of ceramics found in several archaeological sites in this project we will demonstrate how the technique of ceramic manufacturing varies with time over a longer period from the Neolithic to Byzantine times. Romania is an excellent place for such a study because of the continuous settlement history. We will test the hypothesis, based on already available studies and the results being achieved during the course of the project, that the quality of ceramics and hence the technological level of the potters shows not a continuous evolution but is characterized by times of stagnation and even retrogression with time.

Such a study will be based on the mineralogical and chemical identification of raw material and its processing, the modelling techniques and firing conditions including the control of the temperature. For analytical purposes we will employ optical microscopy, electron microprobe analyses, XRD, ICP-MS, as well as additional methods such as TEM, SEM, Raman Spectroscopy or Electron Paramagnetic Resonance. A data base will be developed for an integrative interpretation of all data.


Budget: 1396250 RON

Period: 2012-2016

Leader: Corina IONESCU

Team: Viorica SIMON, Marcel BENEA, Otis CRANDELL, Volker HOECK, Cornelia MANTU-LAZAROVICI, Istvan Nagy-KORODI, Rodica FILIPESCU, Alexandra ENEA-GIURGIU, Monica MEREU


Report 2012

Report 2013

Report 2014

Report 2015

Report 2012-2016







MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS



  1. PUBLICATIONS OF THE RESULTS1

A.1. ISI PAPERS (Peer rewiewed)

  1. Hoeck V., Ionescu C., Metzner-Nebelsick C., Nebelsick D.L. (2012) Mineralogy of the ceramic slags from the Bronze Age funerary site in Lăpuş, NW Romania. Geological Quarterly, 56 (4), p. 649-664; ISI Journal, I.F. = 0.844; http://gq.pgi.gov.pl/gq/issue/view/966

  2. Benea M., Ienciu R., Rusu-Bolindeţ V., (2013) Mineralogical and physical characteristics of Roman ceramics from Histria, Basilica extra muros sector, west-east section (Romania). Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Chemia, 58 (4), p. 147-159; ISI Journal, I.F. 0.129.

  3. Ionescu C., Hoeck V., Gruian C., Simon V. (2014) Insights into the EPR characteristics of heated carbonate-rich illitic clay. Applied Clay Science, 97-98, p. 138-145. ISI Journal, I.F. = 2,342; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2014.05.023; 

  4. Benea M., Diaconu V., Dumitroaia Gh. (2014) Preliminary data on Bronze Age pottery from Săveşti (Neamţ county, Romania). Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Chemia, LX (1), p. 89-98 (ISI journal, I.F. = 0.39;

  5. http://chem.ubbcluj.ro/~studiachemia/docs/Chemia12015.pdf)

  6. Ionescu C., Hoeck V., Crandell O.N., Šaric K. (2015) Burnishing versus smoothing in ceramic surface: A SEM study. Archaeometry, 57 (1), pp. 18-26 (ISI Journal, I.F. = 1.287; doi: 10.1111/arcm.12089; http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/arcm.12089/full)

  7. Crandell O., Vornicu D.-M. (2015) Aspects of long distance trade by the Precucuteni Culture. Transylvanian Review, XXIV (2), p. 85-108. ISI journal. I.F. = 0,11;

http://www.centruldestudiitransilvane.ro/detaliu.aspx?eID=713&t=Review%202015%20-%202035&cat=0

  1. Giurgiu A., Ionescu C., Hoeck V., Tămaş T., Roman C., Crandell O.N. (2016) Insights into the raw materials and technology used for producing Copper Age ceramics in the Southern Carpathians (Romania). Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, pg. 1-15 (in print, online din martie 2016; ISI journal. IF = 1.636;  Springer; doi: 10.1007/s12520-016-0322-3;http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12520-016-0322-3

http://www.springer.com/earth+sciences+and+geography/journal/12520

  1. Ionescu C., Berecki S., Hoeck V., Giurgiu A. Optical and XRD study of Celtic pottery from Transylvania (Romania): Inferring raw materials and technological constraints. Journal of Cultural Heritage (manuscris no. CULHER-S-14-00446; in evaluare). Elsevier, ISI Journal, I.F. = 1,111; http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-cultural-heritage/

  2. Ionescu C., Simon, V., Hoeck, V.: FTIR study of the phase changes in heated Ca-rich illitic clay. Vibrational Spectroscopy (submitted, second review; manuscris no. VIBSPEC-D-15-00309); ISI journal, IF = 2.0); http://www.journals.elsevier.com/vibrational-spectroscopy/

  3. Benea M., Lăzărescu V.-A., Gorea M. (2016): Contribution to the study of Sugeag pottery, Cluj county, Romania. Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Chemia, LXI (2), p. 73-88.


A.2. BDI (International Data Bases) papers

Lazarovici C.-M. (2013) Gropile de cult din asezarea Poieneşti-Măgura/Dealul Teilor. Arheologia Moldovei, XXXVII, p. 199-209 (In Romanian); ISSN: 0066-7358. http://arheo.ro/2013-06-28-04-21-49/arheologia-moldovei; http://jml2012.indexcopernicus.com/;

http://www.worldcat.org/title/arheologia-moldovei/oclc/2444967,

2. Crandell O. (2013) The provenance of Neolithic and Chalcolithic stone tools from sites in Teleorman county, Romania. Buletinul Muzeului Judetean Teleorman - Sectia Arheologie, 5, pp. 125-142; http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/publicationdetails.aspx?publicationid=05af4a94-5942-4b26-81ab-c1d5ac81177a

  1. Lazarovici, C.-M., Ţau, S., Tarcan C. (2014) Aşezarea Starčevo-Criş de la Munteni – Broscărie (Tecuci). Arheologia Moldovei, 37, p. 181-197. (In Romanian)

http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/masterlist.php?q=Arheologia+Moldovei

http://www.worldcat.org/title/arheologia-moldovei/oclc/2444967

  1. Crandell O.N., Popa C. (2015) The chert quarrying and processing industry at the Piatra Tomii site, Romania. Journal of Lithic Studies, 2 (1), pp. 45-63. http://journals.ed.ac.uk/lithicstudies/article/view/1154/1772

  2. Crandell O.N., Ionescu C., Mirea P. (2016) Stone tools used in the ceramics production industry. Journal of Lithic Studies (manuscript no. 1134/2014; acceptat). http://journals.ed.ac.uk/lithicstudies/login?source=%2Flithicstudies%2Fauthor

https://atoz.ebsco.com/titles/searchresults/8623?GetResourcesBy=TitleNameSearch&Find=journal+of+lithic+studies&SearchType=Contains;

http://search.crossref.org/?q=%22journal+of+lithic+studies%22&publication=Journal+of+Lithic+Studies


A.3. EDITED VOLUMES:

  1. Crandell O.N., Cotiuga V. (Eds.) (2013) Stories written in stone. International Symposium on Chert and Other Knappable Materials. Editura Universității „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” din Iași, 104 p., ISBN 978-973-703-758-9

  2. Hein I., Biro K., Buxeda i Garrigos J., Day P., Ionescu C., Kilikoglu V., Maggetti M., Waksman Y. (Eds.) (2013) Ancient ceramics: Analysis and components. Applied Clay Science (ISI, IF=2,342), 82 (1-2), p. 1-134; Elsevier. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01691317/82

  3. Beqiraj A., Ionescu C., Christofides G., Uta A., Beqiraj Goga E., Marku S. (Eds.) (2014) Proceedings of the XXth Congress of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association, Sept. 24-26 2014 Tirana. Buletini i Shekencave Gjeologjike, Sp. Iss., vol. 1 Special Sess., 481 pp.

http://www.cbga2014.org/doc/PCBGASSAV1.pdf

  1. Beqiraj A., Ionescu C., Christofides G., Uta A., Beqiraj Goga E., Marku S. (Eds.) (2014): Proceedings of the XXth Congress of the Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association, Sept. 24-26 2014 Tirana. Buletini i Shekencave Gjeologjike, Sp. Iss., vol. 2 General Sess., 488 p.

http://www.cbga2014.org/doc/PCBGASSAV2.pdf

  1. Mangado X., Crandell O., Sanchez M., Cubero M. (Eds.) (2015) 10th International Symposium on Knappable Materials, Abstract Volume, 200 p., SERP-Universitat de Barcelona, http://www.ub.edu/cherts-symp2015/files/symposium/abstracts-ISKM-2015.pdf


A.4. BOOK CHAPTERS

  1. Ionescu C., Hoeck V. (2012) Mineralogia şi chimismul ceramicii fine de tip Cucuteni de la Ruginoasa. In: Ruginoasa-Dealul Draghici. Monografie arheologică. Lazarovici M. & Lazarovici Gh. (eds.), Bibliotheca Archaeologica Moldaviae XX, p. 181-196. Edit. Karl A. Romstorfer, ISBN 978-606-93329-0-0. (In Romanian)

  2. Crandell O. (2012) Petrographic evidence of intercultural trade during the Chalcolithic; Examples from Neamț County, Romania. In: Depresiunea Neamţ. Contribuţii arheologice. Editura Constantin Matasă, ISBN 978-973-7777-21-8, 10 p.

  3. Crandell O., Marcuti F. (2013) Provenance of Neolithic stone artefacts from the Banat Region, Romania. In: Interdisciplinary Research in Archaeology. Proceedings of the Second Arheoinvest Congress, Iaşi, Romania, Archaeopress Oxford, 18 p.

  4. Crandell O. (2013) Balkan flint in Southeast European Prehistory. In: Revisiting the question of Balkan flint in Southern Romania: some observations on artefacts and geological sources. Archaeopress Oxford, 8 p.

  5. Ionescu C., Hoeck V., Simon V., Crandell N.C. (2016) Ceramic sherds from Sarmizegetusa Regia (1st century C.E.): An archaeometric study. In: Sarmizegetusa Regia. Cercetari arheologice recente (Florea, G., ed.), 43 p., Editura Mega Cluj-Napoca (in press). ISBN: 978-606-543-395-3.

  6. Ionescu C., Hoeck V. (2016) Electron microprobe analysis (EMPA), Cap. 17 în The Oxford Handbook for Archeological Ceramic Analysis. (Hunt, A.M.W., ed.), 768 p., Oxford University Press, ISBN: 978-019-968-153-2¸ https://global.oup.com/academic/product/the-oxford-handbook-of-archaeological-ceramic-analysis-9780199681532?q=Alice%20Hunt&lang=en&cc=ro


  1. PARTICIPATION AT INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCES

B.1. 5th Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians Conference & 3rd Central-European Mineralogical Conference, 19-21 Aprilie 2012, Miskolc, Hungary;

- Hoeck V., Ionescu C., Metzner-Nebelsick C., Nebelsick L.D., Kacsó C. (2012) Bronze age ceramics and slag from the Lăpuş necropolis (NW Romania). Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstr. series, 7, p. 56. ORAL

B.2. 39TH International Symposium on Archaeometry, Leuven, Belgium, 28 Mai -1 Iunie 2012; https://ees.kuleuven.be/isa2012/

- Crandell O., Ionescu C., Hoeck V. (2012) Macroscopic and microscopic aspects of polishing ceramic pots using water worn pebbles. Abstract V26; p. 344; POSTER https://ees.kuleuven.be/isa2012/scientific-programme/ISA2012_Programme_Abstracts.pdf

- Crandell O., Diaconu V. (2012) Petrographic evidence of intercultural trade during the Chalcolithic. Examples from Neamț County, Romania. Abstract S10. p. 140; POSTER; https://ees.kuleuven.be/isa2012/scientific-programme/ISA2012_Programme_Abstracts.pdf

B.3. First EMC – European Mineralogical Conference, 2-7 Sept. 2012, Frankfurt, Germany; http://emc2012.uni-frankfurt.de/index.php?id=4

- Ionescu C., Hoeck V., Metzner-Nebelsick C., Nebelsick L.D., Kacso C. (2012) Overview of the ceramic finds in the Lapus Bronze Age barrow necropolis (NW Romania). Proceedings of First European Mineralogical Conference, 2-7 Sept. 2012, Frankfurt, Vol. 1, p. EMC2012-740. ORAL

B.4. Second Archaeoinvest Congress; Interdisciplinary Research in Archaeology, 7-9 June 2012 Iaşi, Romania.

- Crandell O., Popa C. (2012) The chert mining and processing. Second Arheoinvest Congress; Interdisciplinary Research in Archeology. Iaşi. 7-9 June 2012. Programme and Abstracts, p. 87-88. ISSN 2285-2018, Editura Universitatii Al. I. Cuza Iasi; ORAL.

B.5. PANGEO 2012, 15-20 Sept. 2012, Salzburg, Austria; http://pangeo.sbg.ac.at/index.php#sessions

- Ionescu C., Hoeck V., Rusu-Bolindet V. (2012) Micasasa pottery workshop in Roman Dacia (II-III c. A.D.): Moulds for terra sigillata. Program and Abstracts, p. 75. ORAL

- Hoeck V., Ionescu C., Simon V. (2012) Analytical and experimental data on black ceramics: origin of colour. Program and Abstracts, p.66, POSTER

B.6. Symposium 90 Years of Albanian Geology, 26-28 Oct., 2012, Tirana, Albania

- Hoeck V., Ionescu C., Simon V. (2012) Mineralogy and chemistry of black ceramics. Bulet. I Shkencave Gjeologjike, 31 (48), Sp. Is., p. 94, ORAL

- Ionescu C., Hoeck V. (2012) Application of geosciences in the study of archaeoceramics. Bulet. I Shkencave Gjeologjike, 31 (48), Sp. Is., p. 29, ORAL

B.7. International Symposium “Stories written in stone”, 20-24 August 2013, Iaşi, Romania; http://arheoinvestsymposium.uaic.ro/stone

- Crandell N.O. (2013) Lithic trade patterns in Neolithic Romania. International Symposium “Stories written in stone” Abstract volume, p. 30; Edit. Universitătii „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” Iasi; ISBN: 978-973-703-758-9; http://arheoinvestsymposium.uaic.ro/5th/Stories-Written-in-Stone-Programme-and-Abstracts.pdf; ORAL

- Crandell N.O. (2013) An online database for lithic resources. International Symposium “Stories written in stone” Abstract volume, p. 74; Edit. Universitătii „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” Iasi; ISBN: 978-973-703-758-9;

http://arheoinvestsymposium.uaic.ro/5th/Stories-Written-in-Stone-Programme-and-Abstracts.pdf ORAL

B.8. EMAC-2013 (European Meeting on Ancient Ceramics), 19-21 Sept. 2013, Padova, Italy; http://emac2013.geoscienze.unipd.it/

- Ionescu C., Hoeck V., Simon V. (2013) Sourcing the raw materials for ancient ceramics based on geochemistry: a case study from Romania. EMAC 2013 Conference program and abstracts, p. 57. ORAL

http://emac2013.geoscienze.unipd.it/EMAC2013_book_of_abstracts.pdf

B.9. 4th Central European Mineralogical Conference – CEMC-2014; Aprilie 2014, Skalsky Dvur, Czech R.

- Ionescu C., Hoeck V. (2014) Application of geosciences in the study of archaeoceramics: Archaeometric studies in Romania. In Macek I. (Ed.), Proceedings of the Int. Symp. CEMC 2014, p. 52. ORAL http://www.mineralogickaspolocnost.sk/data/Proceedings%20CEMC%202014%20print.pdf

B.10. 21st Meeting of International Mineralogical Association – IMA 2014; 1-5 Sept. 2014, Johannesburg, South Africa

- Ionescu C., Hoeck V., Crandell O., Šarić K. (2014) Insights into the smoothing and burnishing of ceramic surfaces. IMA Abstract vol., p. 355. ORAL

- Ionescu C., Hoeck V. (2014): Geochemical modelling of ancient ceramics: in search of technology and sources. IMA Abstract vol., p. 357, POSTER.

- Ionescu C., Hoeck V. Gruian C., Simon V. (2014) EPR study of heated carbonate-rich illitic clay. IMA Abstract vol., p. 358. POSTER.

- Branzanic A.M.V., Benea M., Gorea M., Har N. (2014) Archaeometric studies on ancient ceramics from Şimleu-Silvaniei, NW Romania. IMA Abstract Vol. POSTER.

- Benea M., Gorea M., Har N. (2014) Roman tegula and brick materials from Sarmizegetusa (Romania). IMA Abstract Vol., POSTER.

B.11. XXth CBGA Congress Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association, 23-26 Sept. 2014, Tirana, Albania

B.12. International Collocvium “Cucuteni Culture Within European Neo-Eneolithic Context, 15-17 Oct. 2014, Piatra Neamţ, Romania.

- Gh. Lazarovici, C.-M. Lazarovici (2014) (Ceramic) Mask in the Cultural Complex Cucuteni-Tripolye. Similarities and differences with other cultures. ORAL. Program and abstracts, p. 163164. http://www.ziarpiatraneamt.ro/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/CUCUTENI-130-PROGRAM.pdf

B.13. 6th Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians Conference (MSCC-2015), 16-19 May 2015, Veszprem, Hungary. (http://mscc2015.hu/)

- Crandell O.N., Ionescu C., Giurgiu A., Simon V., Trandafir D.L., Nagy J.G. (2015) Pottery firing technology in the Late Bronze Age & Early Iron Age in NW Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstr. Series, Vol. 9, Szegedp. 5. ORAL:

- Crandell O.N., Ionescu C., Mirea P. (2015) Tools used in ceramics production during the Neolithic and Chalcolithic: Examples from Teleorman county, Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstr. Series,vol. 9, Szegedp. 6. POSTER

- Giurgiu A., Ionescu C., Zaharia L., Socaciu A. (2015) Mineralogical study of tegulae from Roman Porolissum (NW Romania). Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstr. Series, Vol. 9, Szeged. p. 17. POSTER

- Ionescu C., Berecki S., Hoeck V., Simon V., Giurgiu A., Trandafir D.L. (2015) Integrated study on compositional and technological characteristics of Celtic pottery from Transylvania (Romania). Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstr. Series, Vol. 9, Szegedp. 22. POSTER

- Ionescu C., Simon V., Hoeck V. (2015) Effect of temperature on the composition and microstructure of carbonate-rich illitic clay investigated by FTIR. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstr. Series, Vol. 9, Szegedp. 23. POSTER

- Ionescu C., Hoeck V. (2015) Archaeological ceramics: a geoscientific perspective. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstr. Series, Vol. 9, Szegedp. 24.  ORAL: INVITED PLENARY LECTURE

B.14. 10th International Symposium on Knappable Materials, 8-10 Sept. 2015, Barcelona, Spain (http://www.ub.edu/cherts-symp2015/)

- Crandell O.N. (2015) An overview of the knappable stone economy at the Trataria site (Romania). 10th International Symposium on Knappable Materials Abstract vol., p. 67. ORAL

- Harwood R., Crandell O. (2015) Practical applications of Dekton artificla rock for experimental archaeology and traditional lithic technology. 10th International Symposium on Knappable Materials Abstract vol., p. 163. ORAL

B.15. 14th European Meeting on Ancient ceramics (EMAC-2015), 24-26 Sept. 2015, Athens, Greece (http://www.emac2015.gr/):

B.16. 8th Mid-European Clay Conference, MECC-2016; 4-8 July 2016, Košice, Slovakia

https://mecc2016.sav.sk/

B.17. 2nd European Mineralogical Conference (EMC 2016), 11-15 Sept. 2016, Rimini, Italy.

http://emc2016.socminpet.it/programme/themes/89-sessions/186-p41-mineral-sciences-for-the-understanding-of-cultural-heritage.html



  1. PARTICIPATION AT NATIONAL CONFERENCES

C.1. Conferinţa Naţională a Societăţii Române de Geologie, Univ. Bucureşti, 2 Nov. 2012

- Ionescu C., Hoeck V. (2012) Aplicaţii ale geoştiinţelor în studiul arheoceramicii. Program and Abstracts Conferinta Naţională SGR, 2012, pp. 37-38. ORAL; http://www.geosociety.ro/wp-content/uploads2/2012/11/Volum-abstracte-CN-SGR-2012.pdf

C.2. Sesiunea anuală “Ion Popescu Voiteşti” (Departamentul de Geologie al Universităţii Babeş-Bolyai), Cluj-Napoca, 4 Dec. 2015

- Benea M., Lăzărescu V-A., Gorea M. (2015) Contribuţii la studiul unor fragmente ceramice de la Suceag, judeţul Cluj, România. ORAL.


D. OTHER ACHIEVEMENTS

- Ionescu C.: member in the organizing committee of 5th Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians Conference & 3rd Central-European Mineralogical Conference, Miskolc, Hungary, 19-21 Aprilie 2012; http://www.mscc-cemc.com/

- Ionescu C.: Organizong the scientific session Archaeometry–care and preservation” (convener, chair), at First European Mineralogical Conference, 2-7 Sept. 2012, Frankfurt, Germany http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EMC2012/sessionprogramme/Theme+13

- Ionescu C. (chair, convener): Organizing the archaeometry scientifc session at PANGEO 2012, 15-20 Sept. 2012, Salzburg, Austria

- Ionescu C. (chair, convener; scientific committee, reviewer at the European Meeting on Ancient Ceramics EMAC 2013, Padova (Italy): http://emac2013.geoscienze.unipd.it/commettees.html

- New equipment: Polarizing microscope with system for image capture:



- Ionescu C.: Course “Introduction into the mineralogy and petrography of ancient ceramics”, at Paris Lodron University, Salzburg (Austria), Curs no. 101.104, November 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016

- Ionescu C. (Chair of the archaeometry session at Central European Mineralogical Conference – CEMC 2014, Aprilie 2014, Skalsky Dvur (Republica Ceha).

- Ionescu C. (Convener, chair for the scientific session “Archaeometry and Geosciences: Facing the Cultural Heritage Challenges” at the 21st Meeting of International Mineralogical Association, Sept. 2014 Johannesburg (South Africa). http://www.ima2014.co.za/index.php/programme/themes-and-sessions/11-accepted-session-proposals/81-minerals-museums-culture-and-history

- Ionescu C. (Convener, chair for the scientific session “Geosciences and Cultural Heritage” at the XX Congress of Carpathian-Balkan Geological Association, Sept. 2014 Tirana (Albania).

- Ionescu C.: Compact course (invited course), “Mineralogy and petrography of ancient ceramics”, at Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University and Archaeological Institute of Tatarstan, Academy of Science: Oct. 2014.

- Ionescu C. (Convener, chair, scientific committee at the 6th Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians Conference, Veszprem Hungary, 16-19 May 2015. http://mscc2015.hu/

- Ionescu C. (Convener, chair, scientific committee at the 13th European Meeting on Ancient Ceramics, Athens Greece, Sept. 2015; http://www.emac2015.gr/

- Crandell O. (Convener, chair, scientific committee, Vice-president of the 10th International Symposium on Knappable Materials, Barcelona, Spain, Sept. 2015. http://www.ub.edu/cherts-symp2015/

- Ionescu C. (Convener, chair at the 2nd European Mineralogical Conference Sept. 2016 Rimini, Italy, Scientifc session “Mineral Sciences for the understanding of Cultural heritage”. http://emc2016.socminpet.it/programme/themes/89-sessions/186-p41-mineral-sciences-for-the-understanding-of-cultural-heritage.html



























1(name of the team members, in bold letters)